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During the summer, Bolshevik power in Siberia was totally wiped out.
At the beginning of June legionaries defeated Red Guards near Samara and captured the city. On 8 June 1918, a Komuch was formed there - the first anti-Bolshevik government in Russia. On 13 June, the Provisional Siberian Government was formed in Omsk. The Commander of the 1st Legionary Division Stanislav Čeček gave an order:
...Our detachment - a vanguard of Allied Forces, our only goal - to rebuild anty-Germany front in Russia in collaboration with russians and our allies...
In July, Russian troops commanded by Vladimir Kappel took Syzran, and Czechoslovak troops took Čeček - Kuznetsk, and they began to advance towards Saratov and Kazan. In Western Siberia, Jan Syrový took Tyumen, in Eastern Siberia Radola Gajda took Irkutsk and later Chita.In the autumn, the Red Army began its counter offensive and defeated the Whites on the Eastern front. Hearing about the creation of an independent Czechoslovakia, legionaries began to ask why they had to fight in the Russian civil war. At the beginning of 1919, all Czechoslovak troops began to retreat to the Trans-Siberian Railway. on 27 January 1919, Jan Syrový (at that time commander-in-chief of all Czechoslovak troops in Russia) claimed the Trans-Siberian Railway between Novonikolaevsk and Irkutsk as a "Czechoslovak zone of operation". This made it impossible for the White Army to use the railway for retreating at the end of 1919.
In Irkutsk, to provide safe transit for Czechoslovak trains, Jan Syrový at the beginning of 1920 agreed to hand over Aleksandr Kolchak, who had been stopped by Czechoslovaks, to the representatives of Political Centre. Kolchak was killed by the Political Centre. Because of this, and also an attempted rebellion against the Whites, organized by Radola Gajda in Vladivostok on 17 November 1919, the Whites accused Czechoslovaks of being traitors.
From December 1919, the Czechoslovak Legion started to leave Russia through Vladivostok, and the evacuation was completed in 1920.

The Battle of Sardarabad (Armenian: Սարդարապատի ճակատամարտ, Sardarapati č̣akatamart; Turkish: Serdarabad Muharebesi) was a battle of the Caucasus Campaign of World War I that took place near Sardarabad (modern-day Armavir), Armenia from May 21–29, 1918. Sardarabad was only 40 kilometers west of the city of Yerevan. The battle is currently seen as not only stopping the Ottoman advance into the rest of Armenia but also preventing the complete destruction of the Armenian nation.

The Battle of Sardarabad サルダラパートの戦い

投稿日時 - 2018-04-17 15:31:08

QNo.9489534

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>During the summer, Bolshevik power in Siberia was totally wiped out.
 At the beginning of June legionaries defeated Red Guards near Samara and captured the city. On 8 June 1918, a Komuch* was formed there - the first anti-Bolshevik government in Russia. On 13 June, the Provisionl Siberian Government was formed in Omsk. The Commander of the 1st Legionary Division Stanislav Čeček gave an order:
 ...Our detachment - a vanguard of Allied Forces, our only goal - to rebuild anty-Germany front in Russia in collaboration with russians and our allies...
⇒夏の間、シベリアのボルシェビキ勢力は完全に消滅した。
 6月の初めに、この(チェコ)軍団がサマラ近くの赤色護衛兵(赤軍)を打ち負かし、都市を奪取した。1918年6月8日、ロシアの最初の反ボルシェビキ政権である「憲法制定議会議員委員会」*が結成された。6月13日、暫定的なシベリア政府がオムスクで結成された。スターニスラブ・チェチェク第1軍団師団の指揮官が命令を出した。
曰く、「…我々の派遣隊-連合国軍の先遣隊、その唯一の目標は、-ロシア軍と連合軍の協力でロシア領内に抗ドイツ前線を再建することである」。
*Komuch:"Constituent Assembly"「憲法制定議会議員委員会」に相当するロシア語の頭字語。

>In July, Russian troops commanded by Vladimir Kappel took Syzran, and Czechoslovak troops took Čeček - Kuznetsk, and they began to advance towards Saratov and Kazan. In Western Siberia, Jan Syrový took Tyumen, in Eastern Siberia Radola Gajda took Irkutsk and later Chita. In the autumn, the Red Army began its counter offensive and defeated the Whites on the Eastern front. Hearing about the creation of an independent Czechoslovakia, legionaries began to ask why they had to fight in the Russian civil war.
⇒7月には、ウラジミール・カッペルが指揮するロシア軍がシズランを、チェコスロバキア軍がチェチェク-クズネツクを奪取し、そして両者ともサラトフやカザンに向かって進んだ。西シベリアでは、ヤン・シロビがチメーンを取り、東シベリアではラドラ・ガジダがイルクーツクを取り、その後チタを奪取した。秋には、赤軍が反撃を開始、東部前線の白軍を倒した。独立チェコスロバキアの創設を聞いて、軍団はなぜロシア内戦で戦わなければならないのかを疑い始めた。

>At the beginning of 1919, all Czechoslovak troops began to retreat to the Trans-Siberian Railway. on 27 January 1919, Jan Syrový (at that time commander-in-chief of all Czechoslovak troops in Russia) claimed the Trans-Siberian Railway between Novonikolaevsk and Irkutsk as a "Czechoslovak zone of operation". This made it impossible for the White Army to use the railway for retreating at the end of 1919.
⇒1919年の初めに、すべてのチェコスロバキア軍隊がシベリア横断鉄道に退却し始めた。1919年1月27日、ヤン・シロビ(当時、在ロシアの全チェコスロバキア軍総指揮官)は、ノボニコラエフスクとイルクーツクの間のシベリア鉄道を「チェコスロバキアの作戦地帯」と主張した。これにより、1919年末に白軍が鉄道を退却用に利用することが不可能になった。

>In Irkutsk, to provide safe transit for Czechoslovak trains, Jan Syrový at the beginning of 1920 agreed to hand over Aleksandr Kolchak, who had been stopped by Czechoslovaks, to the representatives of Political Centre. Kolchak was killed by the Political Centre. Because of this, and also an attempted rebellion against the Whites, organized by Radola Gajda in Vladivostok on 17 November 1919, the Whites accused Czechoslovaks of being traitors.
 From December 1919, the Czechoslovak Legion started to leave Russia through Vladivostok, and the evacuation was completed in 1920.
⇒イルクーツクでは、チェコスロバキア軍用列車に安全な交通手段を提供するために、1920年の初頭にヤン・シロビが、チェコスロバキア軍に抑えられたアレキサンドロ・コルチャックを政治中央部隊の代表者に引き渡すことに合意した。コルチャックはその中央部隊によって殺害された。このため、1919年11月17日にウラジオストクでラドラ・ガジダによって組織された白軍に対する反抗も試みられたが、白軍はチェコスロバキアを反逆者として非難した。
 1919年12月から、チェコスロバキア軍団はウラジオストクを通ってロシアを出発し、1920年に避難が完了した。

>The Battle of Sardarabad (Armenian: Սարդարապատի ճակատամարտ, Sardarapati č̣akatamart; Turkish: Serdarabad Muharebesi) was a battle of the Caucasus Campaign of World War I that took place near Sardarabad (modern-day Armavir), Armenia from May 21–29, 1918. Sardarabad was only 40 kilometers west of the city of Yerevan. The battle is currently seen as not only stopping the Ottoman advance into the rest of Armenia but also preventing the complete destruction of the Armenian nation.
⇒「サルダラバートの戦い」(アルメニア語:Սարդարապատի ճակատամարտ, Sardarapati č̣akatamart、トルコ語:Serdarabad Muharebesi)は、1918年5月21日から29日にかけてアルメニアのサルダラバート(現アルマビル)近くで行われた第一次世界大戦の「コーカサス野戦」の戦いであった。サルダラバートはイェレバン市の西からわずか40キロのところにあった。現在この戦いは、オスマン帝国がアルメニアの他の地域に進出するのを止めるだけでなく、アルメニア国家が完全に破壊されるのを防ぐものとしても見られている。

投稿日時 - 2018-04-27 16:49:33

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回答ありがとうございました。

投稿日時 - 2018-04-27 20:27:50

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