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On 8 March, his ship low on supplies and in need of repairs, the captain of the Dresden decided to hide his vessel and attempt to coal in Cumberland Bay near the neutral island of Más a Tierra. By coaling in a neutral port rather than at sea, Dresden's Captain Lüdecke gained the advantage of being able to intern the ship if it was discovered by enemy vessels.
British naval forces had been actively searching for the German cruiser and had intercepted coded wireless messages between German ships. Although they possessed copies of captured German code books, these also required a "key" which was changed from time to time. However, Charles Stewart, the signals officer, managed to decode a message from Dresden for a collier to meet her at Juan Fernandez on 9 March. A squadron made up of the cruisers HMS Kent and Glasgow along with the auxiliary cruiser Orama found the Dresden in the harbour because its sailors had joined a football match on the shore. The British ships cornered the Dresden in the bay on 14 March, challenging it to battle. Glasgow opened fire on Dresden, damaging the vessel and setting it afire. After returning fire for a short period of time, the captain of Dresden decided the situation was hopeless as his vessel was vastly outgunned and outnumbered, while stranded in the bay with empty coal bunkers and worn out engines. Captain Lüdecke gave the order to abandon and scuttle his vessel. The German crew fled the cruiser in open boats to reach the safety of the island, which was neutral territory. The British cruisers kept up their fire on Dresden and the fleeing boats until the light cruiser eventually exploded, but it is unclear whether the explosion was caused by the firing from the British ships or from scuttling charges set off by the Germans. After the ship exploded, the British commander ordered his ships to capture any survivors from Dresden. Three Germans were killed in action and 15 wounded. The British suffered no casualties. With the sinking of Dresden, the last remnant of the German East Asian Squadron was destroyed, as all the other ships of the squadron had been sunk or interned. The only German presence left in the Pacific Ocean was a few isolated commerce raiders, such as SMS Seeadler and Wolf. Because the island of Más a Tierra was a possession of Chile, a neutral country, the German Consulate in Chile protested that the British had broken international law by attacking an enemy combatant in neutral waters.

投稿日時 - 2019-11-16 16:31:28

QNo.9679607

困ってます

質問者が選んだベストアンサー

>On 8 March, his ship low on supplies and in need of repairs, the captain of the Dresden decided to hide his vessel and attempt to coal in Cumberland Bay near the neutral island of Más a Tierra. By coaling in a neutral port rather than at sea, Dresden's Captain Lüdecke gained the advantage of being able to intern the ship if it was discovered by enemy vessels.
⇒3月8日、ドレスデン号の船長は、補給品が少なく修理が必要なため、船を隠し、中立のマスアティエラ島近くのクンベルランド湾で石炭の積み込みを試みることにした。ドレスデン号のリューデッケ艦長は、海上でなく中立港で石炭積み込みをすることで、敵船によって発見された場合に船を(内湾に)抑留できるという利点を得たのである。

>British naval forces had been actively searching for the German cruiser and had intercepted coded wireless messages between German ships. Although they possessed copies of captured German code books, these also required a "key" which was changed from time to time. However, Charles Stewart, the signals officer, managed to decode a message from Dresden for a collier to meet her at Juan Fernandez on 9 March. A squadron made up of the cruisers HMS Kent and Glasgow along with the auxiliary cruiser Orama found the Dresden in the harbour because its sailors had joined a football match on the shore.
⇒英国海軍はドイツ軍の巡洋艦を積極的に捜索しており、ドイツの船舶間で交わされる暗号化された無線メッセージを傍受していた。捕獲されたドイツ軍の暗号帳コピーを所有していたが、これらが時々変更される「キー」も必要であった。しかし、信号担当官のチャールズ・スチュワートは、3月9日にドレスデン号が石炭船に宛てた、ファン・フェルナンデスで会う旨のメッセージを解読することができた。巡洋艦HMSケント号、グラスゴー号および補助巡洋艦オラマ号で構成される戦隊が、(ドレスデン号の)船員が海岸でサッカーの試合に加っていたので、港湾に(停泊する)ドレスデン号を発見した。

>The British ships cornered the Dresden in the bay on 14 March, challenging it to battle. Glasgow opened fire on Dresden, damaging the vessel and setting it afire. After returning fire for a short period of time, the captain of Dresden decided the situation was hopeless as his vessel was vastly outgunned and outnumbered, while stranded in the bay with empty coal bunkers and worn out engines. Captain Lüdecke gave the order to abandon and scuttle his vessel. The German crew fled the cruiser in open boats to reach the safety of the island, which was neutral territory.
⇒3月14日、英国船艦はドレスデンを湾内で追い詰め、戦いを挑んだ。グラスゴー号がドレスデン号に発砲して、船に損傷を与えて炎上させた。短時間の砲火を返した後、ドレスデン号の艦長は、空の石炭燃料庫とエンジンの消耗で湾に取り残されながら、彼の船艦が大規模に打ち込まれ、数的劣勢に立ったので、状況は絶望的であると判断した。リューデッケ艦長は、船艦を放棄し、断念するよう命じた。ドイツ軍の乗組員は、オープン(無天蓋)ボートで巡洋艦から逃れ、島の安全帯、中立海域に到達した。

>The British cruisers kept up their fire on Dresden and the fleeing boats until the light cruiser eventually exploded, but it is unclear whether the explosion was caused by the firing from the British ships or from scuttling charges set off by the Germans. After the ship exploded, the British commander ordered his ships to capture any survivors from Dresden. Three Germans were killed in action and 15 wounded. The British suffered no casualties.
⇒英国軍の巡洋艦は、軽巡洋艦が最終的に爆発するまでドレスデン号と逃走船に発砲し続けたが、爆発が英国船からの砲撃によるものか、ドイツ軍が発砲した衝撃によるものかは不明である。船が爆発した後、英国軍司令官は、ドレスデン号から生存者を捕獲するように全船艦に命じた。3人のドイツ人が戦死し、15人が負傷した。英国軍に死傷者はなかった。

>With the sinking of Dresden, the last remnant of the German East Asian Squadron was destroyed, as all the other ships of the squadron had been sunk or interned. The only German presence left in the Pacific Ocean was a few isolated commerce raiders, such as SMS Seeadler and Wolf. Because the island of Más a Tierra was a possession of Chile, a neutral country, the German Consulate in Chile protested that the British had broken international law by attacking an enemy combatant in neutral waters.
⇒ドレスデン号の沈没により、ドイツ東アジア艦隊の最後の生き残えいが破壊され、戦隊の他のすべての船舶は沈没または抑留された。太平洋に残された唯一のドイツ軍の存在は、SMSセーアドラー号やヴォルフ号など数隻の商業侵略船を孤立的に散在するだけとなった。マスアティエラ島は中立国であるチリの領土であったため、チリのドイツ領事館は、英国が中立海域で敵の戦闘員を攻撃して国際法を破った、と抗議した。

投稿日時 - 2019-12-03 16:36:21

お礼

回答ありがとうございました。

投稿日時 - 2019-12-03 20:57:46

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